Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS)
The concept of OBIS (Ocean Biogeographic Information System) was first developed at a conference sponsored by the Census of Marine Life (CoML) in 1997. At the time, a comprehensive system for the retrieval of ocean biological data did not exist. Not long after the initial meeting, OBIS was established as a project of the Census of Marine Life to help facilitate global enfranchisement of data within the scientific community.
Evolution and strategic alliance
OBIS is an evolving strategic alliance of people and organizations sharing a vision to make marine biogeographic data, from all over the world, freely available over the World Wide Web. The system has evolved and will continue to evolve. It's not a project or program, and is not limited to data from Census of Marine Life-related projects.
Any organization, consortium, project or individual may contribute to OBIS. In 2009 OBIS was adopted by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC), as one of its activities under the International Oceanogaphic Data Exchange (IODE) programme, of which ISDM is a member. Since then, OBIS and IODE staff members have been working on making this integration a reality.
OBIS is tailored towards global awareness of our oceans and global contribution to knowledge about our oceans. Thus, it is extremely important that OBIS maintains its status as an 'open-access' database.
Open accessibility creates a database which
- allows nations to meet their obligations to the Convention on Biological Diversity to report on the biodiversity in their exclusive economic zones.
- offers researchers and surveyors and other collectors of data the convenience of a permanent repository for spatially referenced data on all forms of marine life.
- offers seekers of data about marine biodiversity a site where they can find information about species from A to Z for all parts of the world oceans.
Structure of the organization
The structure of the OBIS organization includes regional OBIS Nodes (RONs). These RONs are organizations that have committed to a continued support of OBIS within a geographic and/or national region using resources they have obtained. This includes serving data online and developing a data provider and end-user community. Some RONs provide tools, different language versions of the OBIS website, and/or provide mirror sites for the OBIS portal.
OBIS Canada is a regional OBIS Node and is hosted partly at the Bedford Institute Oceanography. It was recognized as a National Activity by the National Science Data Management Committee (NSDMC) of DFO in 2010.
The OBIS management committee (MC) is composed of the manager of each regional OBIS node. The present OBIS MC will be transformed in the IODE Steering Group for OBIS by the end of 2010.
For information on Canada's regional node please refer to OBIS Canada's web page at http://www.marinebiodiversity.ca/OBISCanada.